Monday, August 29, 2016

August Wrap Up: Garden Wonders

A first for my garden: the ornamental sweet potato vines are flowering

This has been quite an extraordinary growing season.  All the inevitabilities I'd planned for never happened.  We have had almost no bad bugs (there were so few they were holding singles mixers).  We have had no (zero, zilch, nada) powdery mildew.  We had very little late blight or other bacterial problems.  It has been hot and humid with little rain, sultry nights and wilting afternoons.  And the plants are loving it.  Because of this I am seeing things I wouldn't normally see in my garden.  The sweet potato vines are flowering lovely lavender flowers.  My first planting of zucchini still looks young and healthy and we have cantaloupes.  Big ones.

Not only are the vines flowering but they are rambling down the walks.
The Zucchini Jungle
A few years ago I learned to plant two zucchini seeds together.  That way one vine grows left and the other one heads right and they form an attractive, symmetrical mound instead of a one sided sprawl.  There are 6 seeds in this pile.  Two right in the center and then to the right, two more later plantings one in each corner.  I have not trimmed a single leaf out.

It was past time to renovate the strawberry bed.  It can be a lot of work, but I used the Stihl gas power trimmer with the scythe attachment.  So instead of spending 30 minutes with scissors.....

...I spent about 3 minutes with the trimmer.  After raking the leaves away I trimmed the runners by hand and began thinning.  Because of my Strawberry Problem I have learned that I do not want plants growing within a foot of the edge, and they need to be thinner in the middle.

My goal is two rows about a foot wide.  I will probably do more thinning but I was a bit thinned out.  The runners are by no means done for the year and they will send out runners again in the spring which will all need to be removed.  This is also the time to sprinkle a balanced fertilizer into the bed and mulch with compost if necessary.

Now about those cantaloupes.  Two years ago we had nice (although small) cantaloupes.  Last year I did not get a single melon as the cucumber beetles killed every single plant before the fruit could ripen.   I've reached the age and stage of gardening that when I realize I am fighting a losing battle, I pull out the plants and say "better luck next year".  There really is no point in nursing a plant along for just a few substandard fruit.  It is better to remove the food source / breeding environment for that pest and know that next year they will not be as plentiful.  If your crop is over run by the bad bugs, rip it out and burn it.  Just get it over with.

This year we've had good luck.  I've seen no more than half a dozen beetles.  The vines are healthy and productive and the melons are large.  These came from seeds I saved from cantaloupes we bought at a farmer's market last year.  And they're putting out big ol' melons.  I also planted the Burpee Sweet N' Early and they have been both early and sweet although again, single serving size.

No powdery mildew and no cucumber beetles means healthy cucumber plants.  I have pulled out four plants from nursery transplants that were yellowing and giving up (spring planted Marketmore tends to do that) but my second, third and fourth plantings are all producing.

How many times have I said I love these cucumber trellises?  You have to watch now and then and reposition some cukes or they could catch in the grid and grow funny shaped.  But having the vines up in a layer not only allows the cukes to hang straight and easy to pick, but the pollinators have access to the flowers from all angles.

The pepper and basil bed is doing well.
Plenty of Jalapenos but very few bell peppers.

The Tomato Jungle is healthy with just a few lower leaves needing to be removed.

How many cherry tomatoes can a single person eat in a day?  A quart?
Most days.  But not every day.  And because of no rain, almost none of them are splitting.
I have Sungold tomatoes coming out of my ears.
The fall lettuce babies are up.
Have you ever seen so much Vinca Vine?
Last year I bought four 4" pots of vinca vine for my combination pots.  I put them in the cold frame over the winter, and this spring I trimmed them back to nothing and re-potted them.  Now they look like a veil rambling all over the patio.

Remember the pile of frustration which used to be a functional wheelbarrow?  I buried it nose up in the landscape and planted one geranium and 4 Wave petunias in front of it.  It is hard to capture the light but the geraniums just glow against its rusty backdrop.

So those are the wonders of my garden this year,  That's one thing I like about gardening.  Every year you see something you didn't expect: sweet potato flowers, very big cantaloupes and huge veils of vinca.

Friday, August 12, 2016

Too Much of a Good Thing

 We've had almost 4 inches of rain in the last two days and it has come all at once, not in a steady sprinkle.  Having so much rain all at once reminds me that there are certain advantages to being able to add the amount of water you want at the time you want it.  Even though it is tedious and time consuming day after day after day, controlled amounts of water make a garden much tidier.

Toadland with Portulaca
I've spent the time between the rainstorms shoring up stems weighed down by water, picking produce before it splits or rots, deadheading to keep the large spent flowers from breaking down the main stems and scattering slimey petals everywhere. 

I think one of the main reasons my zucchini have been such a success this year is that I've been able to remove every flower before it began to rot.  The earth under the plants has been dry and rot free.  I haven't had to cut out a single leaf and most years I would be pulling out entire plants by now before they were taken over by mildew.

The pristine zucchini jungle
My Petunias have been beautiful because rain always ruins Petunia blooms.  Instead I've been able to water under the stems protecting the blooms.

These volunteer Portulaca coordinates with the Petunias
Yields have been good.  The refrigerator is chock full of cucumbers and the tomatoes, although a little later than usual, are ripening now.

Tomatoes, Zucchini and Cucumbers
 I am most looking forward to the Cantaloupes.  I have over a dozen and the plants from the seeds I saved from some farmstand melons are producing large melons.  At first I was afraid they had been crossed with Honeydew or even a guord, but now the ribs are standing out and the webbing is becoming more prominent.  They will be larger than standard grocery store melons.

A large and beautiful Cantaloupe

 All of my planters are overgrown so I gave them all haircuts to get them back in shape and encourage new growth.   It has been years since I planted Dahlias.  I had given up on them because of slug damage but I no longer have a slug problem so I have gorgeous Dahlias.

The Coleus all bloomed at once.  I've cut them back quite severely and I expect them to rally again for late summer.
  My first attempt at growing Dill was a success and I used it to make pickles.  Despite supports, the 5 foot high plants are bending under the weight of the rain.

Tim has been monitoring the drainage and alleviating floods day and night.  Even though the garden beds are in no danger of flooding, I've been doing maintenance to preserve the plants for the coming sunny days.  Luckily there has been no wind because wind and heavy rain combined will topple just about any supports.  We have rain forecast for several more days.  Soon we will be longing for some sunshine.

Wednesday, August 10, 2016

So just how much water can The Big Drain take?

An impressive amount of water comes off of our lawn.
Kiss the grass seed good-bye.  Good thing the sale is still on.

Rain in the Garden

Maybe I won't have to water for a day or two.  
As soon as it let's up I need to run out and pick the cherry tomatoes before they split.

Tuesday, August 9, 2016

The Big Drain 2016: The Evolution of a Landscaping Project

When I moved into this house over 13 years ago, the front yard was a dark, dank, shabby place.  It was lower than the road and fully shaded.  The first 20 feet or so was often bare damp dirt with scraggly weeds, the roadside ditch was unkempt and the trees were dying.  Things improved when Tim removed 150 trees from the side yard making way for his garage and parking area.  The sun dried things out, we covered the ditch and planted a good lawn.  But the dying trees along with scraggly patches of tiger lilies and elderberry bushes remained.

We began cleaning up the area on a snowy winter's day.
One tree down six more to go
We've spent a lot of time, sweat and money making the back and side lawn areas nice. This was the year to finally address the front yard.  First we cut out the trees that we felt comfortable removing ourselves, then hired a tree service to remove the ones that threatened the power lines.  We also had all the stumps ground out and temporarily repaired the lawn.

A tree dangling from the crane is set down in an open area instead of being felled.
The tree service came in with a large crane, tied off to the top of the trees and picked each one up and set it in the parking area where they could safely lay them down and section them out.  It was a busy day, and it was also the day that Tim tore his rotator cuff and long head tendon in his left shoulder.  The surgery and recovery set our summer projects back a couple of months.

The stump grinding left Tim with large piles of chips to haul away and compost.
We had the tree service leave the stumps that were in the area of the water curb box and gas hookup.  These would be removed when the water was connected.

Our raggedy front entrance with stumps and tiger lilies
The next big project was the city water hook up.  We have a good well, and have never made use of our city curb box.  Tim and our friend the excavator ran the water line up the middle of the driveway (Tim finds gravel much easier to repair than lawn).  Our well remains functional and will be run into the new garage for washing cars and watering landscaping.  We now have two sources of water available.  Well, three if you count the rain collection system.

The water line runs down the middle of the driveway towards the road
When that was all cleaned up our frontage was left looking very barren.  There is a catch basin which takes the water off the front lawn and directs it into the covered “ditch” along the road.  The house sits several feet higher than the road but the catch basin, although only about 12 feet off the road edge, is several feet below road grade. 

This may look flat but it's not
 This results in a very low front yard which deceptively appears “flat” and in particular, a contoured area around the catch basin which would be impossible to mow with a riding mower.  The amount of fill that it would require to raise the entire front lawn so that the runoff would reach the road (and the resulting lawn installation) was daunting.  

So Tim came up with an idea.  He comes up with all our landscaping ideas.  I just try to keep up and make it look pretty in the end.  His idea was to turn the impossible low spot into a “dry creek bed”.  Hereafter referred to as “The Big Drain”.

We always stockpile materials.  You never know when you are going to need some rock.  In this case we needed a lot of flat rock.  And we had a lot of flat rock left over from the construction of (and recently recovered from the removal of) a nice little frog pond over at the house next door.  I remember the summer Tim collected all those flat rocks hauling them by the trailer load from a nearby creek bed.  Every Saturday he would “go rocking”.  It seemed to take all summer.  

The first two days involved Tim cutting back the bank that is up against the road and our driveway and using the flat stones to build a semi-circular retaining wall.  He wanted to make it look sort of like a little stone bridge.  And he laid flat stones all around the drain cover with a large flat rock set above the drain with a gap all around to let the water run underneath it.

At this point I began to wonder what the neighbors think as they watch this stage by stage construction.  I wonder what they think we're up to?  I am sure that even after they watch the progression from cutting trees in the winter to the final mulching and grass seeding in the summer, that they forget what it used to look like and do not appreciate the work that goes into these projects.  I know we forget.  That’s why we are always referring back to old photos and the progression photos trying to figure out if we’ve made a difference or not.

A light rain left the run off areas visible in the dirt.
We marked them so we could follow them as we built
That weekend Tim and I spent the Friday laying more flat stones and referring to Internet photos of other folk’s dry creek bed projects for inspiration.  We knew we needed round rocks and some sizable “boulder” sized rocks.  We were all out of those, so we hooked up the trailer and headed to Dad’s creek.  When we got the load home, we threw them off into categories.  Baseball rocks, basketball rocks, beach ball rocks and character rocks.  It looked like we had scattered our toys all over the front yard.  I’m sure the neighbors were thinking “Now what?”

Each rock had to be dug into the slope so it would sit level with the rocks around it and form a gradual run off.  We didn't want it to look like a flagstone patio so we tried to add larger stones here and there and we scattered all sizes of washed stones in the bed itself.  The ground was like concrete and required a mattock to loosen it to any depth.  We would find two rocks that fit together like a puzzle and then after we got the ground beneath it prepared, we would have a hard time figuring out how it fit the first time.  Tim likened it to putting together a jigsaw puzzle with no picture on it.  The weather that weekend was in the low nineties but we still had a lot of fun digging in the dirt, and we were pretty pleased with how it turned out.  

Having the creek bed carved out of the slope gives a better
perspective as to how not-flat the lawn really is there.
Spending time in Dad's creek gave us a good idea of how a natural creek arranges the rocks.  We placed larger rocks for interest and then grouped smaller rocks and gravel where material would slow down and settle.
We incorporated a couple of planting areas with the 
intention of planting some grasses on the edge.
We had some rain prior to this which had eroded the bare dirt around The Big Drain so we were able to mark these drainage areas and try to direct the water flow into the drain from two directions.   This also showed us where we were going to have to dam up our landscaping to direct water around it.  The neighbors began to slow down, roll down their car windows, and offer encouragement.  Overall, the reviews were positive.  We spent the rest of Saturday and most of Sunday laying our dry creek bed around The Big Drain.  And on Monday it rained.

It rained a lot.  It rained an inch and a half in under an hour.  Our dry creek bed was no longer dry.  In fact, it was a pond.  Tim stood out in the rain under an umbrella to see what would happen and where the water would run.  When the rain washed all of the grass clippings out of the lawn and clogged the catch basin he had to get a pry bar from the garage and remove the cover stone entirely allowing the "pond" to drain.  And I’m sure you can guess that the rain also washed a lot of dirt into our pristine rocks.  A lot of dirt.  I removed five gallons with a trowel.

Step three was a split rail fence.  When Tim built the retaining wall he graveled up to it effectively widening our driveway entrance by over a foot and a half which only encouraged the mail man to cut the corner and Tim was sure it was only a matter of time until he (or someone else) landed in The Big Drain.  So we put in three sections of split rail fence, finishing up just as another gully washer hit washing all the dirt I’d just removed back into the stones.

Step four was landscaping.  I wanted a grassy look and something that would provide some color.  I bought some grasses and day lilies.  We had recycled Siberian irises and myrtle sort of lying around that would fit into the plan pretty well.  We've moved towards using a lot of ground cover in our landscape beds with the intent of mulching and edging less.   We like something thick that we can mow right up to.  We have a lot of myrtle available here and it grows well, but with it's low growth habit it can be hard to keep out of the lawn.

The ground surrounding the drain was very hard and gravely so I had to dig ample holes and fill in with good compost and slow release fertilizer.  

The side against the road we mulched with gravel, a continuation of the driveway.  Our friend Sandy who owns a landscaping business will be so pleased.  She’s been trying to get Tim to mulch with gravel for awhile now.  She seems to think that will cut down on weeds.  I know for a fact that weeds grow just as well in gravel as they do in mulch so we’ll see.  On the lawn side we needed a substantially raised planting area to direct the water from the lawn around to the mouth of the drain.  That side is mulched with shredded bark mulch.

The next morning Tim woke up determined to replace the recycled myrtle with something more interesting.  So off we went to the nursery to look at other ground covers.  I had put some Chameleon plants in the gravel corner against the road and Tim really liked them.   So we came home with three and a half flats of “aggressively invasive” Chameleon plants (and some weeds).  Well I’ve never met a useful ground cover which was not aggressive and/or invasive.  The one thing I do not like in a ground cover are those which migrate to greener pastures leaving their original planting space unattended.  The Chameleons can’t get into too much trouble being bordered on two sides by rock and the other side by a lawn mower.  I will have to defend my day lilies for a few years until they get established.

The Chameleon plants should add some color and I think they make the lawn side of the arrangement look like a wet creek area.

We planted grass seed and washed all of the unwanted dirt into the basin where we could collect it and clean it out.  We tried to plan it so we would have at least 4 days with no rain to give the quick grow seeds a chance to sprout before they had to face a gully washer.  But as soon as we finished, the weather forecast changed from 6 days with no rain to 2 days with no rain.  So Tim got out his upholstery kit and sewed two burlap bolsters which we filled with gravel and placed across each opening to try to slow the dirt and seeds washing back into the creek bed.

Hopefully these burlap sacks will hold the grass seed back from planting itself in our rocks.
We admired our handy work for a few hours.  This project started in winter and finally finished months later in the heat of the summer.  We didn't have a finished goal in mind.  Like most of our projects, it evolved over time.

And then Tim turned around to the other side of the driveway opening and said...  "Now what are we going to do over here?"